handreading

How to read hands in poker

 Most new poker players begin their journey into the game by playing on the small stakes.

While that is a good way to begin the game, it is not something you should continue for a long time if you want to make serious inroads into playing good , skill based poker. This is because at smaller stakes, one tends to not be careful of their betting sizes as the initial investment is low.

Hand reading in online poker is one of the most important skills required in poker.

This is hard work. It requires all your attention , your patience and you will need to make quick decisions to master this skill.

In this article, we will attempt at jumping into the complex world of poker hand reading techniques and  figure out how to read an opponent’s hand taking into account all their tells.

 Before we start, we need to address the two common misconceptions:

 Myth 1 : All players on the table are ‘random’ and can have ‘anything’

It is true that there is some randomness to every player’s game strategy , however, it doesn’t stay that way too long.

Your opponents are can be truly arranged with their play, they could have “anything.” There are some hands that they will fold, and there are some hands they will never fold. Your goal is to assess their method or at least deduce enough about it to figure out how to capitalize on it. Remember this: There is always some method to their madness.

 Myth 2. : Hand Reading is the answer to all the problems in poker

 The second misconception is to do with the term “hand reading,” which is really a misnomer. As beginners, we are obsessed with only looking at OUR game and we tend to not look at the table and miss out key details about other players and their game strategies.

All good poker players know that to do well in poker your aim should always be to determine the hand ranges and not just read the hand of the opponent.

 This means that you should not know only care  about what exact possibilities your opponent has, but you must also worry about the possibilities and combinations that he could have and what move should be made by you to  get the best average result against all of the possibilities.

Hand Reading in Poker

 Consider the scenario where your opponents play half of the cards they’re dealt. How can you figure out what cards  they have precisely? But there’s a probability of guessing a couple of important things about what they don’t have. Your opponents who will call with half their hands still fold the other half and that folding range might look like unconnected junk hands.

 Your main objective while trying to read someone else’s poker hand , should not be to just  figure out whether they have something even better and find a fold, but should also be able to compare it with your hand to see if it is weaker than yours. You need to be especially aware of the ‘tells’  when your opponents put money into the pot despite having a hand worse than yours.

Every once in a while, you’ll find that you’ve gotten outwitted, or that you were ahead and then got outdrawn on your turn. As long as you have accurately determined that you would usually be ahead when the money went in, then you did all the hand reading you need to do.

This is only the introduction to hand reading in poker. We’ll be back with a more detailed version very soon.

Stay tuned!

Team 9stacks


A Beginner's Guide to Hand Reading

Hand Reading.jpg

 

Hand reading is a poker skill that basically allows you to predict and correctly assign a range of hands  that your opponents might have at the poker table.

This is a very important skill which helps you make better decisions, and of course, make more money in the game.

Given the fact that it such an important aspect of poker, hand reading is a complex topic which players keep working at throughout their career.

In this post, we'll try and simplify this topic for people new to the game.

A word of caution - like everything in poker, hand reading is extremely player dependent. If you have played with an opponent for a long time and know his common tendencies, then go with that read. But if you are playing against an unknown, or you are unsure about a spot, then revert back to these basics.

1. Pre Flop Action

Entering the pot pre flop by raising, instead of limping is a proven profitable strategy.

If your opponent deviates from this by limping in, what does this tell you?

It tells you that they don't have premium hands like AA, KK, QQ or strong aces like AK or AQ. 

What do they have instead?

Suited connectors and gappers, broadways, weak Aces, Kings and Queens, sometimes even complete garbage - hands that they want to see a cheap flop with.

Essentially, this tells us that their range is wide and is devoid of the topmost hand categories.

Caveat: However, some tricky players might like to trap with premium hands pre-flop. More often than not, they are hoping that someone raises over their limp, and then they can reraise when the action comes back to them.

2. Bet Sizing

Weak players give away the strength of their hand based on their bet size. Their bet size is directly proportional to the strength of their hand.

The way to exploit this strategy is by folding more when they bet bigger, and calling/raising more when they bet smaller. To ensure that we don't make the same mistake, our bet size should be based on the range of hands that we can have, and not on our exact hand.  

There is also a segment of players who employ a complete opposite strategy - betting small when they are strong, and betting big when they are weak.

This is not a strategy we would ever recommend,because what you are doing here is essentially making less money when you have a strong hand and losing more when you bluff. 

3. Timing Tells

The amount of time a player takes to call a bet is a reliable source of information.

If a player calls a bet quickly, this means that they have a hand which doesn't require too much thinking - medium strength hands (like second pairs) and draws.

Think about it this way, if you had a very strong or very weak hand, you would at least take a few seconds to consider whether to raise or not (either to extract value or bluff out better hands).

When your opponents snap call your bets, it allows you to exploit them by applying pressure on some turns and rivers and forcing them to fold their medium strength hands.

4. Player Type

The hands a player can have in a spot changes based on his type.

  • Loose-Passive - They play a lot of hands by calling instead of raising. This makes their range wide and allows us to value bet more hands.
  • Loose-Aggressive - They play a lot of hands by raising. Their range is still wide and we can bluff-catch and trap with more hands. They'll make more betting mistakes than calling mistakes.
  • Tight-Aggressive - This is the default play of a good player. Their range is narrow and we have to be careful with the hands that we chose to play because they will regularly apply pressure and will show up with the goods quite often.
  • Tight-Passive or Nits - They play very few hands and do so by calling instead of raising. We should bluff-catch less and value bet only strong portions of our range.

5. Meta-Game

Good player not only play a good strategy, they also try to get into the head of their opponents.

  • Level 1 thinking - what do I have.
  • Level 2 thinking - what does my opponent have.
  • Level 3 - what does my opponent think I have.
  • And so on.....

We always want to be one level ahead of our opponents. Against most players, Level 3 is a good place to be. If we are facing a good thinking player, we might have to go further into this meta-game. 

Hand reading is an ever evolving topic that cannot be covered in a single post.

What I have given you here are some of the basics that should come in handy.

If you find this useful and feel that you are making better decisions, let us know in the comments below. And maybe we'll do a series of these. 

Cheers,

Mayank

This article was written by Mayank Jain. Mayank is a writer who plays poker for a living. He writes at http://mayankja.in/ on mindfulness, travel and art, among other things.